Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (2022)

Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (1)

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In Roswell, New Mexico, there is a spaceship that looks like a flying saucer. Thousands of motorists drive past it every day, and hundreds of people go inside. It’s on North Main Street in this southeastern New Mexico city, its metal skin gleaming as it basks in the glow of the sun. Its neon lighting burns into the retinas of those who view it throughout the evening, and it’s rather hard not to admire. After all, aside from its striking looks, who doesn’t fancy a burger every now and then? That’s right: This spacecraft is one of the city’s McDonald’s restaurants.

So why is the building shaped that way? It’s not that far from the site of a mysterious incident which took place in 1947 — the day when a rancher discovered debris scattered around his sheep pasture, prompting speculation that an unidentified flying object, or UFO, had crashed there.

In June, or possibly early July 1947, William Brazel had woken for a normal day’s work on the J.B. Foster ranch in Lincoln County, New Mexico, 75 miles (120 kilometers) north of Roswell, when he made a shocking discovery. He found on the ranch "a large area of bright wreckage made up of rubber strips, tinfoil, a rather tough paper and sticks," Brazel said in an article published on July 8, 1947, in the Roswell Daily Record (opens in new tab).

Related: Blue UFO soars over Hawaii before crashing into the sea (opens in new tab)

Brazel hadn’t heard of flying saucers — at least not yet. Sightings, however, were coming in thick and fast around that time. On June 24, pilot Kenneth Arnold claimed to see nine unidentified objects "flying like a saucer would across water" near Mount Rainier, Washington. Arnold estimated that the objects were flying at around 1,200 miles per hour (1,930 kilometers per hour), Arnold was reported as saying in the East Oregonian (opens in new tab), but at the time there were no known craft that could reach those speeds. The Air Force also said it had no new experimental planes or guided missiles that would fit such a description, according to a U.S. Department of Defense report (opens in new tab). That story became front-page news, and the term "flying saucer was born, despite Arnold describing the flying objects as crescent-shape," according to New Scientist (opens in new tab).

The country soon became gripped, as Brazel discovered. By July 7, policemen and astronomers were reportedly being harassed for further reports, this time by people from New York and other eastern states, and that was the day Brazel decided to take action. He hand-delivered a box of accumulated debris, which he’d gathered with the help of his wife and two children, to Sheriff George Wilcox of Roswell, according to Smithsonian Magazine (opens in new tab).

(Video) Roswell: The UFO mystery that still haunts America | Planet America

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Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (2)

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By now there was talk of a reward for anyone who recovered one of these unidentified flying objects. In the Roswell Daily Chronicle (opens in new tab), Brazel is stated to have "whispered kinda confidential-like" that his find may be one of the flying disks, so an equally intrigued Wilcox contacted Colonel William Blanchard, the commanding officer of the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF), who sent agents to the site to gather the remaining material.

What happened next would cement the idea that the debris was the remnants of an alien spacecraft. According to David Clarke’s book "The UFO Files: The Inside Story of Real-Life Sightings", published (opens in new tab) by Bloomsbury in 2012, the RAAF’s public information officer Walter Haut issued a press release on July 8: "The many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disk through the cooperation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff’s office of Chaves County".

This was reported (opens in new tab) in the Roswell Daily Record along with the news that Major Jesse A. Marcel was the group intelligence officer dispatched to the scene. He’d gone with Counter Intelligence Corps officer Sheridan Cavitt, but on his way back took a detour to his own home, whipped out a couple of boxes of debris that he’d popped into the boot of his car and showed it to his 10-year-old son, Jesse Jr. One of the objects was said to have hieroglyphic-like markings, something that stuck in the mind of the young boy.

Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (3)

But just as quickly as excitement of the find gathered pace, the Army took swift action in debunking the story. The very next day, shortly after government scientists began to arrive at the scene, it was claimed in the Corsicana Daily Sun that the debris was actually from a crashed weather balloon, and Marcel was asked to be pictured at a press conference with the debris allegedly found. And that was that, case closed — or so everyone thought.

But interest began to grow again. In 1978, Nuclear physicist, author and UFO researcher Stanton Friedman interviewed Marcel, who said that the discovery made 31 years earlier was not from this world, and that the government had ordered him to keep quiet. Friedman revisited the incident and sought other witnesses, and his work inspired Charles Berlitz and William Moore to write "The Roswell Incident (opens in new tab)", published in 1980. Their conclusion was simple: there had been a huge cover-up.

(Video) Roswell's Bizarre UFO Crash

The flying saucer conspiracy begins

Other things were happening in the world at the time. Notably, the sci-fi films "Star Wars" and "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" had just been released, and — as reported by The Times (opens in new tab) — studies since have suggested that sightings and belief in UFOs rise when popular films and TV shows make their debut. Nevertheless, testimonies about that day in 1947 were forthcoming, and they continued to come for many years.

Glenn Dennis called a hotline shortly after an episode of "Unsolved Mysteries" featuring the Roswell incident aired (opens in new tab) in 1989. He suggested that a friend who worked as a nurse at the Roswell Army Air Field saw three alien bodies, according to TIME Magazine (opens in new tab). But the real bombshell moment came in 1994. Could it be that the debris really was from an alien craft?

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According to the U.S. Air Force, no. The weather balloon story was not true, but it wasn’t to hide the fact that little green men had visited Earth. The wreckage was actually that of a classified project that flew microphones on high-altitude balloons so that sound waves generated by Soviet atomic bomb tests could be detected. Called Project Mogul, it was said to have run between 1947 and 1949. What’s more, the balloons were claimed to have been made up of unusual material — the type that could easily be confused for a UFO. So, case closed? Not at all.

"The ever-changing accounts gave rise to uncertainty," Kenneth Drinkwater, senior lecturer in psychology at Manchester Metropolitan University, U.K., who specialises in the anomalous and paranormal, said via email. "The first message that went out was unclear. Then they changed the message, and it led to suspicion that something was going on and being covered up. It gives rise to a feeling that something is being hidden from the general population, leading to speculation of possible conspiracy and possibly alien technology."

Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (4)

It’s why the Roswell files remain open in the eyes of many, and investigators put great value on the testimonies of those who were there, many of them respected military personnel. "Every member of Blanchard’s senior staff, with a single exception, suggested the craft was of alien origin," Kevin D. Randle, a retired lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Army Reserve who served in Vietnam and Iraq, told All About Space. "Major Edwin Easley, the base provost marshal, told me, when asked if we were following the right path — meaning extraterrestrial — that it wasn’t the wrong path."

The "single exception" is Cavitt, the retired lieutenant colonel of the Air Force who accompanied Marcel to the debris site. His careful testimony suggested that nothing untoward happened. He said he had never been threatened by anyone in government and that the debris wasn’t extensively scattered. Yet UFO investigators say that if the wreckage was Project Mogul, then this testimony doesn’t ring true. Mogul arrays were big, so the debris field would have been large.

(Video) The Roswell UFO Report: Fact or Fiction?

"Everyone agrees that something fell at Roswell, but there is no terrestrial explanation," Randle told All About Space. "Project Mogul fails because the documentation tells us that flight number four — the alleged culprit — was cancelled. It did not fly. All other explanations have failed too: It wasn’t an aircraft accident, not a rocket from White Sands and not a regular weather balloon."

Over the past 40 or so years there have been new claims and fresh leads, adding to the mystery and keeping the Roswell files very much alive. UFO investigator Calvin Parker, for example, recently spoke of his time with Marcel before he died in 1986, claiming that Marcel revealed that he’d hidden three pieces of metal from the crash site in the top of his water heater in his house. They have never been recovered, however.

Many UFO investigators are keen to stress that they don’t take every testimony at face value. Randle previously said that the credibility of Dennis must be discounted because of inconsistencies, and told All About Space that the accounts of military personnel are not simply accepted just because of their background. "There are some military witnesses who have been discredited as inserting themselves into the tale," Randle wrote via email. Likewise, there are civilian witnesses who are compelling.

"There are some very creditable civilian witnesses, such as Brazel and Frankie Rowe," said Randle. Rowe is certainly an interesting case. She was told of the crash by her father, a firefighter, who described creatures he had seen. According to Randle, Rowe said she was shown debris from the crash site, but had been told to stay quiet by the state. She says there was evidence her phone had been tapped. But of all of the witnesses, is too much weight being put on Marcel’s account?

"If Marcel was standalone then there would be some real problems here, but he is not. There are many credible witnesses — men who achieved high military rank, men and women who were prominent in their communities — who believe the craft was alien,” Randle said. "We have attempted to eliminate the fakers from those who had information to provide. We have been taken in, for a time, by some of those fakers, but in the long run it was we who investigated the case that removed many of those fakers, though based on evidence and not a belief there is no alien visitation. The point is that Marcel was backed up by other high-ranking officers, and many civilians who were part of the case. Marcel told what he had seen and done, and there was little embellishment in his testimony."

Randle appeared in the documentary, "Roswell: The First Witness". It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel’s possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.

Speculation continues: Was the craft of alien origin?

It turned out that the journal — which consisted of quotes, lyrics and jokes — could be dated to the time of the Roswell incident, but the handwriting didn’t match Marcel’s. Smith pondered why the former army officer retained the journal, and there was speculation over whether it may have contained a code. If it did, however, it could not be deciphered by even the best of minds, according to the documentary.

Smith also sought to discover what was written in a document held by Brigadier General Roger Ramey, Eighth Air Force commander, during the press conference. It was captured in a photograph taken by Star-Telegram reporter J. Bond Johnson, and ufologists have long wondered whether the words they struggle to make out refer to "victims of the wreck." As Smith found, however, even the best technology could not sufficiently clean the document enough to make the words readable, and they remain a source of debate.

Related:Flying saucers to mind control: 22 declassified military & CIA secrets (opens in new tab)

There were other interesting explorations in the documentary series. A body-language expert examined video interviews of Marcel and said it appeared that he was telling the truth, at least as he saw it. Experts including aviation crash investigator David Soucie were also taken to examine the crash site. Interestingly, the wind currents in the area were found to be inconsistent with a lightweight balloon crashing in the way that was described.

As the documentary continued, more evidence emerged. Crucially, there was a taped interview conversation between Marcel and author Linda G. Corley in which the military man discussed the items he found in 1947. "I found all this stuff and I was told to keep my mouth shut,” he told her. “I held on to this premium for 32 years without saying anything at all. See, I was an intelligence officer. I handled intelligence and security for the base. I still hold an allegiance to my country, the vow that I took to keep my mouth shut about everything that might encroach on military secrets."

Just as compelling was an account from the family of Patrick Saunders, the 509th adjutant who is likely to have known about the whole event. He had apparently told people that it wasn’t a weather balloon, but something similar to a jet fighter, that files were destroyed or changed and that the world wasn’t ready for the truth because it would cause social upheaval. Were the "beings" friendly, he was said to have pondered.

(Video) "Roswell: The First Witness" on the HISTORY channel

Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (6)

This kind of testimony — particularly the first-hand testimony of Marcel that was chronicled in Corley’s book, “For the Sake of My Country” — ensures the incident remains open. The fact the US government admitted there was a cover-up in 1994 only continues to add fuel to the fire.

Yet Drinkwater says failure to provide physical evidence means anecdotal accounts have spread misinformation, and he remains in doubt. "Colonel John B. Alexander offers an excellent insight into the myths and possible conspiracies connected to UFOs, the Roswell incident, the government involvement and so on," he said. "I think it’s more about a sense of reality and how it can be swayed emotionally. I’m dubious about the nature of a secret operation where many might not have known about the goings on at their level."

So what of those who likely know: presidents past and present, perhaps? Former president Donald Trump told his son Don Jr. in an interview on YouTube in June 2020 that he’d heard some "interesting things" about aliens, thereby ensuring speculation will continue for some while yet.

"Would you ever open up Roswell and let us know what’s really going on," Don Jr. asked, to which Trump responded: "There are millions and millions of people who want to go there and want to see it. I won’t talk to you about what I know about it, but it’s very interesting."

That’s something countless people will no doubt chew over if they happen to visit and find themselves in that extraordinary McDonald’s. Roswell is a town that will be forever linked to one of the greatest mysteries of all time, and we may never truly reach a consensus on the truth that is out there.

Additional reading

Read more aboutUFOs and extraterrestrials (opens in new tab), discover why this astronomer thinks aliens may be out there (opens in new tab), and read the U.S. Air Force's 22-page report on what it refers to as the "Roswell Incident" - quotation marks and all!

Bibliography

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Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash (7)

David Crookes

(Video) Ask an Expert: The Roswell Incident

David Crookes is a UK-based science and technology journalist who has been writing professionally for more than two decades. Having studied at the University of Durham in England, he has written for dozens of newspapers, magazines and websites including The Independent, The i Paper, London Evening Standard, BBC Earth, How It Works and LiveScience. He has been a regular contributor to Space.com's sister publication, All About Space magazine since 2014.

It’s not that far from the site of a mysterious incident that took place in 1947 — the day when a rancher discovered debris scattered around his sheep pasture, prompting speculation that an unidentified flying object, or UFO, had crashed there.. In the Roswell Daily Chronicle, Brazel is said to have “whispered kinda confidential-like” that his find may be one of the flying disks, so an equally intrigued Wilcox contacted Colonel William Blanchard, the commanding officer of the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF), who sent agents to the site to gather the remaining material.. According to David Clarke’s book “The UFO Files: The Inside Story of Real-Life Sightings,” published by Bloomsbury in 2012, the RAAF’s public information officer Walter Haut issued a press release on July 8: “The many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disk through the cooperation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff’s office of Chaves County.”. This was reported in the Roswell Daily Record along with the news that Major Jesse A. Marcel was the group intelligence officer dispatched to the scene.. The very next day, shortly after government scientists began to arrive at the scene, officials claimed that the debris was actually from a crashed weather balloon, and Marcel was asked to be pictured at a press conference with the debris.. Notably, the sci-fi films “Star Wars” and “Close Encounters of the Third Kind” had just been released; studies have suggested that sightings and belief in UFOs rise when popular films and TV shows make their debut, The Times reported in 2009.. He suggested that a friend who worked as a nurse at the Roswell Army Air Field saw three alien bodies, according to TIME Magazine.. “Every member of Blanchard’s senior staff, with a single exception, suggested the craft was of alien origin,” Kevin D. Randle, a retired lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Army Reserve who served in Vietnam and Iraq, told All About Space, a sister publication to Live Science.. The “single exception” is Cavitt, the retired lieutenant colonel of the Air Force who accompanied Marcel to the debris site.. UFO investigator Calvin Parker, for example, recently spoke of his time with Marcel before he died in 1986, claiming that Marcel revealed that he had hidden three pieces of metal from the crash site in the top of his home’s water heater.. We have been taken in, for a time, by some of those fakers, but in the long-run it was we who investigated the case that removed many of those fakers, though based on evidence and not a belief there is no alien visitation.. Randle appeared in the documentary, “Roswell: The First Witness.” It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel’s possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.. It turned out that the journal — which consisted of quotes, lyrics and jokes — could be dated to the time of the Roswell incident, but the handwriting didn’t match Marcel’s.. This kind of testimony — particularly the first-hand testimony of Marcel that was chronicled in Corley’s book, “For the Sake of My Country” — ensures the incident remains open.

It’s not that far from the site of a mysterious incident which took place in 1947 — the day when a rancher discovered debris scattered around his sheep pasture, prompting speculation that an unidentified flying object, or UFO, had crashed there.. In the Roswell Daily Chronicle , Brazel is stated to have “whispered kinda confidential-like” that his find may be one of the flying disks, so an equally intrigued Wilcox contacted Colonel William Blanchard, the commanding officer of the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF), who sent agents to the site to gather the remaining material.. Nevertheless, testimonies about that day in 1947 were forthcoming, and they continued to come for many years.. He suggested that a friend who worked as a nurse at the Roswell Army Air Field saw three alien bodies, according to TIME Magazine.. Could it be that the debris really was from an alien craft?. Yet UFO investigators say that if the wreckage was Project Mogul, then this testimony doesn’t ring true.. “Everyone agrees that something fell at Roswell, but there is no terrestrial explanation,” Randle told All About Space.. We have been taken in, for a time, by some of those fakers, but in the long run it was we who investigated the case that removed many of those fakers, though based on evidence and not a belief there is no alien visitation.. Marcel told what he had seen and done, and there was little embellishment in his testimony.”. Randle appeared in the documentary, “ Roswell: The First Witness “.. It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel’s possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.. Former president Donald Trump told his son Don Jr. in an interview on YouTube in June 2020 that he’d heard some “interesting things” about aliens, thereby ensuring speculation will continue for some while yet.. Did a UFO really crash land at Roswell, New Mexico in 1947, only to be hushed up by the government?

For years, questions behind the truth of what was found in Roswell, New Mexico that summer have sparked a hoard of conspiracy theories, hoaxes, and tourist interest, making the Roswell incident just as intriguing 75 years later.. The RAAF then released a statement later the next day reporting that “the many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force Roswell Army Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disc through the cooperation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff’s office of Chaves County.”. The Roswell Daily Record published a headline following their statement that read, “RAAF Captures Flying Saucer On Ranch in Roswell Region.” But then, US Army officials backpedaled and changed their claim of a flying disc , marking the beginning of Roswell conspiracy theories.. Following wide initial interest in the crashed ‘flying disc’, the US military stated that it was merely a conventional weather balloon.. When the US Army went back on its claim, The Roswell Morning Dispatch ran a story with a new headline: “Army Debunks Roswell Flying Disk as World Simmers with Excitement.” They insisted that instead of a flying saucer, as they had originally claimed, the wreckage found was actually debris from a weather balloon .. Some have suggested that the US Army ran with the flying saucer story as a convenient one to explain the suspicious wreckage.. The thought that they would have intentionally set up any type of publicity as a distraction?. They released a report that outlined what they claim as the truth behind the suspicious wreckage found near Roswell, one that they hoped would answer any lingering questions.. This balloon would then alert the US of any Soviet attempts to test their own atomic bomb.. Despite these reports claiming the truth about the Roswell incident, there are still skeptics.. People take pictures of exhibits at the International UFO Museum and Research Center during the UFO Festival in Roswell, New Mexico.

In the Roswell Daily Chronicle , Brazel is said to have "whispered kinda confidential-like" that his find may be one of the flying disks, so an equally intrigued Wilcox contacted Colonel William Blanchard, the commanding officer of the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF), who sent agents to the site to gather the remaining material.. According to David Clarke's book "The UFO Files: The Inside Story of Real-Life Sightings," 发表 by Bloomsbury in 2012, the RAAF's public information officer Walter Haut issued a press release on July 8: "The many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disk through the cooperation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff’s office of Chaves County.". The very next day, shortly after government scientists began to arrive at the scene, officials claimed that the debris was actually from a crashed weather balloon, and Marcel was asked to be pictured at a press conference with the debris.. 根据1994年的美国政府报告,在项目Mogul的说法,Seyfang实验室开发的巨大气球。他们的金属外涂层意味着它们通常被误认为是飞碟。(Image credit: U.S. Government )通过这种混合消息,ROSWELL文件在许多人的眼中保持打开。调查人员对其中许多尊重军事人员的人来说,调查人员也非常有价值。"Every member of Blanchard's senior staff, with a single exception, suggested the craft was of alien origin," Kevin D. Randle, a retired lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Army Reserve who served in Vietnam and Iraq, told All About Space, a sister publication to Live Science.. It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel's possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.. He had apparently told people that it wasn't a weather balloon, but something similar to a jet fighter, that files were destroyed or changed and that the world wasn't ready for the truth because it would cause social upheaval.. (Image credit: Getty Images )This kind of testimony — particularly the first-hand testimony of Marcel that was chronicled in Corley's book, "For the Sake of My Country" — ensures the incident remains open.

In 1947, the United States had recently emerged victorious from World War II, a war that was to a great extent fought in the sky with (at the time) advanced technology.. This was the first close encounter to make the news as contact with unknown flying objects.. An Air Force officer came out to meet with Brazel, who led him to the site and helped him collect most of the debris.. Almost all of the early reports of the Roswell incident were based on the July 8 press release that the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF) published, claiming a flying disc had been captured on a ranch in Roswell.. Exactly why the Air Force felt the need to make this claim is not clear, though the local 509th Bomb Group’s Intelligence Office was certainly interested in covering up what the material had really been part of.. Mogul used commercially available weather balloons to heft a five-pound “kite” made of balsa wood, plastic, and mylar, up to an altitude of about 28,000 feet.. This was due in part to a general keep-it-from-the-Soviets attitude that permeated everything the military touched in the Cold War era.. Their book titled UFO Crash at Roswell interviewed hundreds of people between 1978 and 1980 on the incident and helped spread the UFO craze out of Roswell.

It’s not that far from the site of a mysterious incident which took place in 1947 — the day when a rancher discovered debris scattered around his sheep pasture, prompting speculation that an unidentified flying object, or UFO , had crashed there.. The very next day, shortly after government scientists began to arrive at the scene, it was claimed in the Corsicana Daily Sun that the debris was actually from a crashed weather balloon, and Marcel was asked to be pictured at a press conference with the debris allegedly found.. It’s why the Roswell files remain open in the eyes of many, and investigators put great value on the testimonies of those who were there, many of them respected military personnel.. "Every member of Blanchard’s senior staff, with a single exception, suggested the craft was of alien origin," Kevin D. Randle, a retired lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Army Reserve who served in Vietnam and Iraq, told All About Space.. The "single exception" is Cavitt, the retired lieutenant colonel of the Air Force who accompanied Marcel to the debris site.. Yet UFO investigators say that if the wreckage was Project Mogul, then this testimony doesn’t ring true.. UFO investigator Calvin Parker, for example, recently spoke of his time with Marcel before he died in 1986, claiming that Marcel revealed that he’d hidden three pieces of metal from the crash site in the top of his water heater in his house.. Randle previously said that the credibility of Dennis must be discounted because of inconsistencies, and told All About Space that the accounts of military personnel are not simply accepted just because of their background.. According to Randle, Rowe said she was shown debris from the crash site, but had been told to stay quiet by the state.. We have been taken in, for a time, by some of those fakers, but in the long run it was we who investigated the case that removed many of those fakers, though based on evidence and not a belief there is no alien visitation.. Marcel told what he had seen and done, and there was little embellishment in his testimony.". He had apparently told people that it wasn’t a weather balloon, but something similar to a jet fighter, that files were destroyed or changed and that the world wasn’t ready for the truth because it would cause social upheaval.. This kind of testimony — particularly the first-hand testimony of Marcel that was chronicled in Corley’s book, “For the Sake of My Country” — ensures the incident remains open.. Former president Donald Trump told his son Don Jr. in an interview on YouTube in June 2020 that he’d heard some "interesting things" about aliens, thereby ensuring speculation will continue for some while yet.

The Roswell Daily Record reported on the RAAF’s capture of a flying saucer, a story based on the initial press release.. He suggested that a friend who worked as a nurse at the Roswell Army Air Field saw three alien bodies, according to TIME Magazine .. Could it be that the debris really was from an alien craft?. Yet UFO investigators say that if the wreckage was Project Mogul, then this testimony doesn’t ring true.. Randle appeared in the documentary, “ Roswell: The First Witness “.. It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel’s possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.

In the annals of American UFO history, few incidents have inspired as much fascination—and speculation—as the one in Roswell, New Mexico.. It was the Soviets!. According to that statement, Major Jesse Marcel, an intelligence officer, oversaw the RAAF’s investigation of the crash site and the recovered materials.. A photograph of Jesse Marcel, the head intelligence officer who initially investigated and recovered some of the debris from the Roswell site, in the Corsicana Daily Sun, July 9, 1947.. These balloons would ostensibly monitor the Soviet government’s attempts at testing their own atomic bomb.. An illustration depicting the Roswell incident with aliens being carried away from the UFO crash site. “You do not divulge state secrets in the context of national security… My surmise is they probably saw [the initial flying saucer explanation] as a useful cover story.”. Donald Schmitt, a UFO researcher who has spent nearly three decades investigating the Roswell incident and is the co-founder of the International UFO Museum and Research Center in Roswell, says that explanation makes little sense.. The “flying saucer” story, he contends, was so ostentatious that it was bound to draw attention to the area, with its sensitive military operations at the time.. And at Roswell, you had the first atomic bomb squadron headquartered,” Schmitt says.. Another questionable theory—advanced by the book Area 51: An Uncensored History of America’s Top Secret Military Base —states that the crashed flying vehicle was neither extraterrestrial nor the work of U.S. spies.. According to Marcel, Jr.’s book, The Roswell Legacy , his father brought some of UFO wreckage home, allowing his son to handle the debated debris before he took it to his base.. At first I thought of Egyptian hieroglyphics, but there were no animal outlines or figures.. Marcel Jr. was 11 years old at the time, the Cold War only just beginning.. “And if the intent was to generate panic, it failed utterly miserably.”

It’s not that far from the site of a mysterious incident that took place in 1947 — the day when a rancher discovered debris scattered around his sheep pasture, prompting speculation that an unidentified flying object, or UFO, had crashed there.. In the Roswell Daily Chronicle , Brazel is said to have “whispered kinda confidential-like” that his find may be one of the flying disks, so an equally intrigued Wilcox contacted Colonel William Blanchard, the commanding officer of the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF), who sent agents to the site to gather the remaining material.. According to David Clarke’s book “The UFO Files: The Inside Story of Real-Life Sightings,” published by Bloomsbury in 2012, the RAAF’s public information officer Walter Haut issued a press release on July 8: “The many rumors regarding the flying disc became a reality yesterday when the intelligence office of the 509th Bomb Group of the Eighth Air Force, Roswell Army Air Field, was fortunate enough to gain possession of a disk through the cooperation of one of the local ranchers and the sheriff’s office of Chaves County.”. This was reported in the Roswell Daily Record along with the news that Major Jesse A. Marcel was the group intelligence officer dispatched to the scene.. The Roswell Daily Record reported on the RAAF’s capture of a flying saucer, a story based on the initial press release.. The very next day, shortly after government scientists began to arrive at the scene, officials claimed that the debris was actually from a crashed weather balloon, and Marcel was asked to be pictured at a press conference with the debris.. UFO investigator Calvin Parker, for example, recently spoke of his time with Marcel before he died in 1986, claiming that Marcel revealed that he had hidden three pieces of metal from the crash site in the top of his home’s water heater.. Randle appeared in the documentary, “ Roswell: The First Witness .” It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel’s possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.

The Roswell Daily Record reported on the RAAF’s capture of a flying saucer, a story based on the initial press release.. The very next day, shortly after government scientists began to arrive at the scene, it was claimed in the Corsicana Daily Sun that the debris was actually from a crashed weather balloon, and Marcel was asked to be pictured at a press conference with the debris allegedly found.. Other things were happening in the world at the time.. Nevertheless, testimonies about that day in 1947 were forthcoming, and they continued to come for many years.. He suggested that a friend who worked as a nurse at the Roswell Army Air Field saw three alien bodies, according to TIME Magazine .. Could it be that the debris really was from an alien craft?. Yet UFO investigators say that if the wreckage was Project Mogul, then this testimony doesn’t ring true.. Rowe is certainly an interesting case.. (Image credit: Getty)“If Marcel was standalone then there would be some real problems here, but he is not.. We have been taken in, for a time, by some of those fakers, but in the long run it was we who investigated the case that removed many of those fakers, though based on evidence and not a belief there is no alien visitation.. Randle appeared in the documentary, “ Roswell: The First Witness “.. It follows the investigations of former CIA operative Ben Smith into Roswell, and a key part of the series is a journal found in Marcel’s possessions that was initially thought to have been written by him.. He had apparently told people that it wasn’t a weather balloon, but something similar to a jet fighter, that files were destroyed or changed and that the world wasn’t ready for the truth because it would cause social upheaval.. Former president Donald Trump told his son Don Jr. in an interview on YouTube in June 2020 that he’d heard some “interesting things” about aliens, thereby ensuring speculation will continue for some while yet.. https://www.space.com/what-is-the-truth-behind-the-roswell-ufo-incident Roswell Incident: the truth behind the ‘flying saucer’ crash

Ten years before an alien craft crashed onto rancher Mack Brazel’s property near Roswell, New Mexico, a flying saucer lost control and crashed onto the countryside of Nazi Germany.. Hitler’s and Himmler’s near obsession with exotic technology and flying saucers; and the incredible experiments by S.S. physicists that culminated with flying saucers and the ‘Bell’—a bizarre multi-dimensional motor that neutralized gravity and ripped a gash into the very fabric of the time-space continuum creating incredible and horrific effects.. In 1937, as Nazi Germany was rising from the ashes of the old German Republic and becoming the world’s first real superpower, an incredible thing happened: aliens crashed their distressed craft into the German countryside.. Italian researcher Renato Vesco, in his classic and well-researched book, Intercept – But Don’t Shoot: The True Story of the Flying Saucers asserts that the Nazis were working on many advanced propulsion systems and rudimentary anti-gravity devices to power their disc-shaped, or lenticular, aircraft.. His own research, augmented by what had by then been deduced from the retrieved saucer, enabled him to build a working craft powered by specially designed jet engines.. As the years advanced and the Allies began counter-attacking Germany, some Nazi officials began pressuring Schauberger to adapt a verson of his Repulsine imploder to serve as the motive force for a different type of disc craft using the vortex propulsion motor.. Although the Nazi engineers and scientists built their first experimental saucers from light steel or heavy aluminum, the steel still proved too heavy and the aluminum too soft and not tough enough to withstand the stress subjected to it when molded into a lens-shaped craft.. Slave laborers, mostly Slavic, were pressed into service to produce V-2 rockets, advanced aircraft, synthetic fuel, high explosives…and incredible remote-controlled flying saucers.. Yet evidence exists that in the final weeks of the war the Germans successfully detonated their own low-yield atomic bomb and that coupled with stealth aircraft, the imploder vortex motor, advanced television bombs, the hypersonic V-3 “Amerika Bomb,” and flying saucer fighters—ostensibly augmented with harvested alien technology—would have sealed the fate of the Nazi’s enemies…

That very same day, the Roswell Daily Record newspaper published the first official story, released by First Lieutenant Walter Haut, the base public affairs officer: “RAAF Captures Flying Saucer On Ranch in Roswell Region: The intelligence office of the 509th Bombardment Group at Roswell Army Air Field announced at noon today, that the field has come into possession of a flying saucer… recovered on a ranch in the Roswell vicinity… (by) Major (Jesse A.). Supporting this new claim, on July 8, 1947 General Ramey and his chief of staff, Colonel Thomas DuBose, as well as Major Jesse A. Marcel, all posed in an office on the base with genuine weather-balloon debris.. At Fort Worth Army Air Field, Major Jesse A. Marcel holding foil debris from Roswell, New Mexico, UFO incident in 1947.. “I was the photographer of the 1947 Roswell UFO crash wreckage in the office of General Ramey… they simply did not know what they had… The… weather balloon ‘cover story’… the media bought Gen. Ramey’s sudden cover-up story without any question… only the best body was kept… The other three must have been in very bad shape.”. According to Kaufman, there were five alien bodies, about five feet (1.5 m) tall.. It showed and discussed an astounding film allegedly made at Fort Worth AAF in July 1947.. There, Barnett said that he came upon disc-shaped, UFO crash wreckage the color of dirty stainless steel on July 3, 1947, and saw four dead bodies of the alien crew, four-to-five feet tall, in one-piece, gray suits.. But it sure wasn’t a weather balloon, like the Air Force cover story… what crashed was a craft of alien origin, and members of the crew were recovered… more technically-advanced than we are here on Earth… but nobody wants to make them public.”. Colonel Philip J. Corso’s amazing 1997 book, The Day After Roswell , was a very controversial, insider “leak” of detailed information about Roswell.. Roswell Incident: The truth behind the 'flying saucer' crash.. The Truth About the UFO Crash at Roswell.. UFO Crash at Roswell .

The reporter should have told readers what we now know (almost certainly) the debris to have been: remnants of a long vertical “train” of research balloons and equipment launched by New York University atmospheric researchers and not recovered—specifically, Flight No.. On the evening of February 8, 1995, I was present at a meeting in Albuquerque of New Mexicans for Science and Reason (NMSR) when the man who helped launch Flight 4, Professor Charles B. Moore, showed us some of what was on that flight.. In 1947, Moore was an NYU graduate student, working on the balloon launches.. They include a book that Charles Moore himself coauthored with two anthropology professors, UFO Crash at Roswell: The Genesis of a Modern Myth , Benson Saler, Charles A. Ziegler, and Charles B. Moore (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1997); The UFO Invasion , a Skeptical Inquirer anthology I coedited with Barry Karr and Joe Nickell (Prometheus Books, 1996), which includes David E. Thomas’s special report from the July/August 1995 Skeptical Inquirer “The Roswell Incident and Project Mogul” and many other Roswell-related articles; and two U.S. Air Force investigative reports, Report of Air Force Research Regarding the ‘Roswell Incident’ (1994) and The Roswell Report: Case Closed , Headquarters United States Air Force, written by Capt.. The diagram Moore supplied in his talk for flight 2, similar to flight 4, and published in the above-mentioned Skeptical Inquirer article (Figure 2 here), requires three vertical columns to display all the components.. This started a media frenzy and people began looking to the skies and seeing things they’d never seen before (including over New Mexico) and reporting more “flying discs” or “flying saucers.” Many possible explanations for Arnold’s sighting have been suggested.. Diagram of balloon train from NYU Flight 2, similar to that of Flight 4, debris from which seems to have stimulated the original Roswell Incident.. His report was made public in Roswell July 8, 1947, at the height of the craze.. Ironically, the report of what Brazel actually found, an explanation that it was a “weather balloon”(not quite right but kind of close), and the date he had found it, June 14, before the media frenzy of sightings started—all are reported in an Associated Press article published on page 2 in the July 9, 1947, Carlsbad Current-Argus (“‘Flying Disc’ turns Out to Be Weather Balloon”; I have a copy of it, see Figure 3).. This is the same newspaper that unfortunately seemed to forget those facts in their July 2017 anniversary article.. As for reports of sightings of alien bodies, the second (1997) U.S. Air Force report investigated and found there were no contemporary reports of alien bodies being found in 1947.. The Air Force report describes in detail a long series of Air Force experiments over decades in which instrumented lifelike anthropomorphic dummies were dropped out of high-altitude research balloons over New Mexico.. Associated Press article published July 9, 1947, reporting that the debris rancher Mac Brazel had found on June 14 (long before the July 2 “flying saucer” sighting over Roswell) consisted of “pieces of paper with a foil-like substance, and pieced together with small sticks, much like a kite.” Plus “pieces of grey rubber.. “One time we dropped one and it fell way up in the mountains,” Kittinger said.

Despite the official explanation presented at the time, the story of an alleged flying saucer crash at Roswell, New Mexico—one that now celebrates its 75th anniversary—would later go on to claim legendary status in the annals of popular American UFO lore.. Roswell Daily Record front page dated July 8, 1947, which first carried the story of a purported flying saucer crash in the New Mexico desert.On July 8, 1947, the front page of the Roswell Daily Record carried the unusual story about the purported capture of a flying saucer.. In his 1967 Report on the UFO Wave of 1947 , researcher Ted Bloecher even included the incident in a section titled “Hoaxes and Mistakes,” in which he wrote that “One of those mistakes, given the widest possible publicity, had its origins near Roswell, New Mexico,” adding that “Through a series of clumsy blunders in public relations, and a desire by the press to manufacture a crashed disc if none would obligingly crash of itself, the story got blown up out of all proportions.”. The coup de grace, however, had been the 1980 publication of The Roswell Incident , coauthored by Moore and popular American writer Charles Berlitz, which solidified the incident in the public mind as one of the most credible purported UFO crash stories ever uncovered.. General Roger Ramey (left) alongside Col. Thomas J. DuBose photographed in Fort Worth, Texas on July 8, 1947 (Creative Commons 4.0).“The 1994 Air Force report concluded that the predecessor to the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Army Air Forces, recovered debris from an Army Air Forces balloon-borne research project code named MOGUL,” reads a portion of an executive summary from the U.S. Air Force report.. “Contrary to allegations, many of the accounts appear to be descriptions of unclassified and widely publicized Air Force scientific achievements,” a portion of the report stated, noting that other descriptions associated with purported alien bodies “appear to be actual incidents in which Air Force members were killed or injured in the line of duty.”. photo by Greg Bishop).While both of these stories rank among the common newspaper hoaxes of the era, they are significant on account of the similarity they share with later instances involving alleged crashes of alien spaceships that would begin to emerge in the early years of flying saucer madness that swept the United States in the 1940s and 50s.. Just two years after the Roswell incident made headlines in 1947, Frank Scully, then a columnist for Variety , first wrote about an alleged flying saucer crash he learned of that occurred in 1948 at Aztec, New Mexico.. Although the Aztec UFO crash story was exposed as an elaborate hoax in a 1954 True expose, various attempts to revive the story have occurred over the years, particularly after the 2013 release of an FBI memorandum, dated March 22, 1950, which made references to the purported crash.. “The Hottel Memo,” which references the alleged UFO crash at Aztec, New Mexcio, cited by author Frank Scully (FBI.gov/Public Domain).During the late 1970s, around the same time that Stanton Friedman, William Moore, and others were beginning to revive the Roswell story, UFO researcher Leonard Stringfield had been assembling information he collected over the years that also related to claims of UFO crashes.

Those who have written texts on Roswell include Kevin D. Randle and Don Schmitt ( UFO Crash at Roswell, The Truth About the UFO Crash at Roswell ), Stanton Friedman ( Crash at Corona ), Thomas Carey and Donald Schmitt ( Witness to Roswell ), and Nick Redfern ( Body Snatchers in the Desert ).. The Roswell Incident (1980) by Charles Berlitz and William L. Moore is one book that preceded the above volumes and is seldom mentioned today.. It was Friedman who in 1978 tracked down and first interviewed Marcel, the first military officer to accompany rancher Brazel to the Foster Ranch to inspect and retrieve the wreckage.. Most intriguing to me are the witness stories in The Roswell Incident .. The Roswell Incident .. UFO Crash at Roswell .. Truth About the UFO Crash at Roswell .. Story.. Behind the Flying Saucers: The Truth About the Aztec UFO Crash .

Although the impact of the radio show - that depicted realistic news bulletins of a Martian invasion - is debatable, according to a new book written by LA Times journalist Annie Jacobsen, Welles's War of the Worlds adaptation was the inspiration behind the "flying saucer" that was reportedly recovered near Roswell, New Mexico, in 1947.. No, aliens didn't intercept Welles's broadcast (that we know of), according to Jacobsen it inspired Soviet dictator Josef Stalin to create the mother of all hoaxes.. To make the U.S. think an alien invasion was under way.. Although the Soviet alien invasion plot is only a small part of Jacobsen's "AREA 51: An Uncensored History of America's Top Secret Military Base" book, it's had the most impact on the world's media.. According to Jacobsen's anonymous source - a source she assures the reader was legit, having worked in Area 51 and saw many of the experiments first-hand - the pilots of the craft were children that had been surgically altered to look alien.. In 1947, when this would have originally happened, the Soviets did not yet have the nuclear bomb, and Stalin and Truman were locked in horns with one another, and Stalin couldn't compete in nuclear weaponry yet, but he certainly could compete in the world of black propaganda - and that was his aim, according to my source.. I don't know... developing the Soviet atom bomb?

The Roswell Events In Roswell, New Mexico, two spacecrafts along with five to six alien corpses were recovered between July 4 th and 9 th , 1947, according to testimonies.. According to Schmidt – as reported in Jaime Maussan’s investigation , In the early morning of July 4 th , sheep rancher Mac Brazel came upon a large area of unusual debris, located on a ranch near Corona, 75 miles northwest of Roswell.. Two days later, Brazel, accompanied by Timothy “Dee” Proctor – the son of his neighbors, came back to the debris field looking for the remains of the flying saucer, and found a new crash site a few miles away.. After discovering the bodies that day, on July 6, Brazel went to Roswell to notify the authorities.. The next day, July 7, military personnel were sent to the crash site to collect every single piece of the debris as well as the alien bodies, and transport them back to RAAF Hangar P-3 of Building 84, which was known at the time as the Black Hangar.. On July 8, the Roswell Army Air Field issued a press statement – under the command of Colonel Blanchard, that the RAAF had captured a flying saucer that crashed near Corona, Roswell.. Eyewitness Accounts Among the key eyewitnesses to the Roswell events Schmidt made reference to in his book was Joseph Montoya who – at the time, was the vice governor of New Mexico, and one of the witnesses to observe the alien bodies being recovered by the U.S. Army.. Another eyewitness to the alien bodies was Eli Benjamin, a Private First Class in the 309 th Air Service Squadron at Roswell, who – according to Schmidt, Benjamin described how they were called and assigned to escort a number of gurneys transporting beings in ambulance trucks to the base hospital.. According to her sister-in-law, Pat Bush, she told that Miriam was approached by her boss that day and told her that there is something she needed to see.. Before leaving the station, Joyce asked him, “why are you changing your story now, this is not what you originally told me, to which Brazel replied, “son, they told me they would go awful hard on me if I didn’t do exactly what they said” and Brazel turned and started to walk out.. She told that one day he came back from his shift and told his family that they had gone 30 miles outside of Roswell and few miles to the west, where there had been a crash of what he described as a “spaceship or a flying saucer or something.”

Videos

1. History behind supposed UFO crash in Roswell, New Mexico
(10 Tampa Bay)
2. Ancient Aliens: Roswell Debris (Season 11) | History
(HISTORY)
3. History's Greatest Mysteries: ROSWELL SECRETS Revealed in Eyewitness Journal (Part 1) | History
(HISTORY)
4. The Secret Cold War Project Behind the Roswell UFO Incident
(Today I Found Out)
5. The Mysterious Roswell UFO Incident of 1947
(Smithsonian Channel)
6. The Roswell UFO Incident | COLOSSAL MYSTERIES
(Colossal Cranium)

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