1954 : Ernest Hemingway - Nobelliterature.com (2022)

1954 : Ernest Hemingway

“for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style”

Born

:

July 21, 1899

Place of birth

:

Oak Park, Illinois, United States

Died

:

July 2, 1961

Place of death

:

Ketchum, Idaho, United States

Occupation

:

Author, Novelist, Journalist

Nationality

:

American

Notable award(s)

:

Nobel Prize in Literature 1954

(Video) Review: The Old Man and The Sea (1952)

Biography:

Early years: Born on July 21 of 1899 in Oak Park, a suburb of Chicago. It was the second son of a family of three. His father, Clarence Hemingway Edmond, was a doctor and he liked hunting and fishing. His mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, had studied music and made him interested in her. Ernest’s father owned a house with land on Bear Lake. There, Ernest learned to fish (with three years was already capable of handling a cane) and hunt (with twelve grasp the carbine). He studied at the Institute of Secondary Oak Park and River Forest, where he learned to play the cello and was part of the orchestra. He was captain of the hockey team and played rugby. It was also interested in boxing and fought with his comrades in the waste area. In the studies highlighted in language, but apathy felt by the other disciplines. He showed his literary skills in the school newspaper, using the alias Ring Lardner, Jr. At the end of their studies, in 1917, did not want to go to college, as his father wanted, or wanted to improve his cello studies, as his mother wanted. He moved to Kansas in October 1917 and began working for a reporter at the Kansas City Star. The United States entered the war on April 6, 1917, and Ernest did not want to miss the opportunity to follow the American Expedition Corps, as did John Dos Passos, William Faulkner or F. Scott Fitzgerald. Due to a defect in his left eye, was removed as a combatant. Managed to draw as a driver of ambulances of the Red Cross and landed in Bordeaux in late May 1918, to march to Italy. On July 8, 1918 was seriously wounded by Austrian artillery. With the injured leg and a broken knee, was able to load to shoulder an Italian soldier to put safe. He walked 40 meters until he fainted. The heroism earned him the recognition of the Italian government with the Silver Medal at Valor. During his recovery at the hospital in Milan fell in love with a young nurse, Agnes von Kurowsky, who later planted by a Neapolitan officer. He returned to the United States in January 1919, resuming his work as a journalist for the Toronto Star and as editor of the monthly “Cooperative Commonwealth.” He married Elizabeth Hadley Richardson, 8 years older than him, on Sept. 3, 1920. The couple moved to Paris in 1922. Interwar Paris and the Lost Generation:In 1923, shortly after arriving in Paris, his first born son, John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway, who called Bumby. ” In Paris he met avant-garde literary environments and relates to the members of the so-called Lost Generation: Gertrude Stein, Ezra Pound and F. Scott Fitzgerald among others. Hemingway’s family lived in an austere apartment, but when Ernest wrote to his family that they had lived in the best area of the Latin Quarter. His early literary were not anything easy. His early work: Three stories and ten poems (1923) and in this world (1925) went unnoticed. Ernest earned a living as a correspondent and traveled throughout Europe. It also was used as sparring for boxers and “hunted” doves in the Luxembourg gardens to stroll when they got to his son, because the savings hindered and not earning much. New phase:The year 1925 marked the discovery of Hemingway to American publishers, and the year in which he wrote his first novel, Fiesta. The new style that showed in this book, a portrait of bohemian Paris of the twenties and much of autobiographical inspiration, he left behind a dark and experimental literature, becoming more powerful and successful. Also in Death in the Afternoon, recounts his experiences in Pamplona, Spain, which was beginning to worship, and in which even today are evidence of their presence. In 1929, edit Farewell to Arms, an autobiographical novel content, because it is based on its passage through the war and their experiences on the battle front. It was followed by two editions more optimistic, trying to apasionaban two themes: the running of the bulls in Death in the Afternoon, and Africa, in The Green Hills of Africa (1935). In 1928 he returned to the United States with his second wife, but soon part toward Cuba. From that moment on, it begins a curious and final processing. Moves away from individualism, as can be seen in Be or not to have (1937), which describes the failure of an individual revolt, and is committed to the fight with humanitarian and uniting people. Undertakes his writing in this new phase with the Spanish Republicans during the Spanish Civil War, compromise of giving testimony in the script of the film documentary Spanish Earth, in the play The fifth column (1938) and of course in For Whom the bend bells, a masterpiece of world literature. World War II:Outbreak of World War II. Their destination was the sea of the Antilles and its mission, patrolling in order to capture Nazi flag vessels. In 1944 he traveled to Europe as a war correspondent, is involved in aerial reconnaissance missions in Germany and is part of the landing in Normandy, being among the first soldiers to enter Paris. Until 1950 does not return to writing. On the other side of the river and through the trees, is his first publication after those turbulent years of war. The Old Man and the Sea:In 1952 he surprised with a short story commissioned by Life magazine, The Old Man and the Sea, which receives the Pulitzer Prize in 1953. The story recounts the experiences of an old Cuban fisherman who has had a bad streak and quit fishing determined to finish it. A year later get the Nobel Prize for Literature for the whole of his work. Recent years:From then tries to write a novel about the Second World War, that ultimately never completed. And again in new stories, those years of youth in Paris and Spain (Paris was a feast), places where he was “very poor but very happy”, missed the feeling that caused him to be a young dreamer, brave and risky , Who not only wrote about events that one day would become part of history, but also was part of it. On July 2, 1961, decided that perhaps could not write more, and shot himself with a shotgun. Given the absence of a suicide note and the angle of the shot, it is difficult to determine whether his death was self or whether it was an accident. It is presumed that one possible cause was Alzheimer’s that he detected little earlier, as well as a depressive character.

Works:

Selected Works:

Short stories:

  • Three Stories & Ten Poems – Paris : Contact, 1923

  • in our time – Paris : Three Mountains Press, 1924

  • In Our Time – New York : Boni & Liveright, 1925

  • Men Without Women – New York : Scribners, 1927

  • Winner Take Nothing – New York : Scribner, 1933

  • The Fifth Column and the First Forty-nine Stories – New York : Scribners, 1938 – Republished as The Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway (1954)

  • The Snows of Kilimanjaro and Other Stories – New York : Scribner, 1961

  • The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber and Other Stories – Penguin, 1963

  • Hemingway’s African Stories : the Stories, Their Sources, Their Critics / compiled by John M. Howell – Scribner, 1969.

  • The Nick Adams Stories / preface by Philip Young – New York : Scribners, 1972

  • The Complete Short Stories of Ernest Hemingway – New York : Scribners, 1987

Novels:

  • The Torrents of Spring : a Romantic Novel in Honor of the Passing of a Great Race – New York : Scribners, 1926

  • The Sun Also Rises – New York : Scribners, 1926 – Republished as Fiesta (London: Cape, 1927)

  • A Farewell to Arms – New York : Scribners, 1929

  • To Have and Have Not – New York : Scribners, 1937

  • For Whom the Bell Tolls – New York : Scribners, 1940

  • Across the River and Into the Trees – New York : Scribners, 1950

    (Video) Repost - Ernest Hemingway Reading of the Nobel Prize for Literature Acceptance Address

  • The Old Man and the Sea – New York : Scribners, 1952

  • Islands in the Stream – New York : Scribners, 1970

  • The Garden of Eden – New York : Scribner, 1986

  • True at First Light : a Fictional Memoir / edited with an introduction by Patrick Hemingway – New York : Simon & Schuster, 1999 – First unabridged version published as Under Kilimanjaro – Kent State University Press (Kent, OH), 2005

Other:

  • Today is Friday – Englewood, N.J. : As Stable, 1926

  • Death in the Afternoon – New York : Scribner, 1932

  • God Rest You Merry, Gentlemen – New York : House of Books, 1933

  • Green Hills of Africa – New York : Scribner, 1935

  • The Spanish Earth – Cleveland : Savage, 1938

  • The Secret Agent’s Badge of Courage – Belmont Books, 1954

  • Two Christmas Tales – Hart Press, 1959.

  • A Moveable Feast – New York : Scribners, 1964

  • The Collected Poems of Ernest Hemingway – New York : Haskell House, 1970

  • Eighty-Eight Poems / edited by Nicholas Gerogiannis – New York & London : Harcourt Brace Jovanovich/ Bruccoli Clark, 1979 – Enlarged as Complete Poems (University of Nebraska Press, 1983)

  • Ernest Hemingway, Selected Letters, 1917-1961, Scribner, 1981.

  • Complete Poems, edited by Nicholas Gerogiannis, University of Nebraska Press, 1983.

  • Hemingway on Writing / edited by Larry W. Phillips – New York : Scribners, 1984

  • The Dangerous Summer / introduction by James A. Michener – New York : Scribner, 1985

  • Conversations With Ernest Hemingway – University Press of Mississippi , 1986.

  • Hemingway at Oak Park High : The High School Writings of Ernest Hemingway, 1916-1917 – Alpine Guild, 1993

  • The Only Thing That Counts : The Ernest Hemingway/Maxwell Perkins Correspondence, 1925-1947 / edited by Matthew J. Bruccoli – New York : Scribner, 1996

Literature (a selection):

(Video) 2012 Nobel Prize Lecture -- Literature

  • Ernest Hemingway : the Man and His Work – Cleveland : World Publ. Co., 1950

  • Atkins, John, The Art of Ernest Hemingway : His Work and Personality – London : Nevill, 1952

  • Baker, Carlos Heard, Hemingway : the Writer As Artist – Princeton : Princeton U.P., 1952

  • Hemingway and His Critics : an International Anthology – ed., with an introd. and a checklist of Hemingway criticism by Carlos Baker – New York : Hill and Wang, 1961

  • Hemingway, Leicester, My brother, Ernest Hemingway – Cleveland : World Publ. Co., 1962

  • Young, Philip, Ernest Hemingway : a Reconsideration – University Park : Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, 1966

  • Baker, Carlos Heard, Ernest Hemingway : a Life Story – London : Charles Scribner’s son, 1969

  • Hemingway, Mary Welsh, How it was – New York : Knopf, 1976

  • Hemingway : the Critical Heritage – London : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982

  • Meyers, Jeffrey, Hemingway : a biography – New York : Harper & Row, 1985

  • Reynolds, Michael S., The Young Hemingway – Oxford : Blackwell, 1986

  • Reynolds, Michael S., Hemingway : the Paris years – Oxford : Blackwell, 1986

  • Reynolds, Michael S., Hemingway : the American Homecoming – Oxford : Blackwell, 1992

  • Reynolds, Michael S., Hemingway : the 1930s – New York : W.W. Norton & Co, 1997

  • Reynolds, Michael S., Hemingway : the Final Years – New York : W.W. Norton & Co, 1999

Awards:

1954: Nobel Prize in Literature.

1954: Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

Prose:

Excerpt from The Old Man and the Sea

He is a great fish and I must convince him, he thought. I must never let him learn his strength nor what he could do if he made his run. If I were him I would put in everything now and go until something broke. But, thank God, they are not as intelligent as we who kill them; although they are more noble and more able.

The old man had seen many great fish. He had seen many that weighed more than a thousand pounds and he had caught two of that size in his life, but never alone. Now alone, and out of sight of land, he was fast to the biggest fish that he had ever seen and bigger than he had ever heard of, and his left hand was still as tight as the gripped claws of an eagle.

It will uncramp though, he thought. Surely it will uncramp to help my right hand. There are three things that are brothers: the fish and my two hands. It must uncramp. It is unworthy of it to be cramped. The fish had slowed again and was going at his usual pace.

(Video) A Short History of Electroconvulsive Therapy!

I wonder why he jumped, the old man thought. He jumped almost as though to show me how big he was. I know now, anyway, he thought. I wish I could show him what sort of man I am. But then he would see the cramped hand. Let him think I am more man than I am and I will be so. I wish I was the fish, he thought, with everything he has against only my will and my intelligence.

He settled comfortably against the wood and took his suffering as it came and the fish swam steadily and the boat moved slowly through the dark water. There was a small sea rising with the wind coming up from the east and at noon the old man’s left hand was uncramped.

‘Bad news for you, fish,’ he said and shifted the line over the sacks that covered his shoulders.

He was comfortable but suffering, although he did not admit the suffering at all. ‘I am not religious,’ he said. ‘But I will say ten Our Fathers and ten Hail Marys that I should catch this fish, and I promise to make a pilgrimage to the Virgin de Cobre if I catch him. That is a promise.’

He commenced to say his prayers mechanically. Sometimes he would be so tired that he could not remember the prayer and then he would say them fast so that they would come automatically. Hail Marys are easier to say than Our Fathers, he thought.

‘Hail Mary full of Grace the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners now and at the hour of our death. Amen.’ Then he added, ‘Blessed Virgin, pray for the death of this fish. Wonderful though he is.’

With his prayers said, and feeling much better, but suffering exactly as much, and perhaps a little more, he leaned against the wood of the bow and began, mechanically, to work the fingers of his left hand.

Presentation Speech:

Presentation Speech by Anders Osterling, Permanent Secretary of the Swedish Academy.

In our modern age, American authors have set their stamp more and more strongly on the general physiognomy of literature. Our generation in particular has, during the last few decades, seen a reorientation of literary interest which implies not only a temporary change in the market but, indeed, a shifting of the mental horizon, with far-reaching consequences. All these swiftly rising new authors from the United States, whose names we now recognize as stimulating signals, had one thing in common: they took full advantage of the Americanism to which they were born. And the European public greeted them with enthusiasm; it was the general wish that Americans should write as Americans, thereby making their own contribution to the contest in the international arena.

One of these pioneers is the author who is now the focus of attention. It is hardly an exaggeration to say that Ernest Hemingway, more than any of his American colleagues, makes us feel we are confronted by a still young nation which seeks and finds its exact form of expression. A dramatic tempo and sharp curves have also characterized Hemingway’s own existence, in many ways so unlike that of the average literary man. With him, this vital energy goes its own way, independent of the pessimism and the disillusionment so typical of the age. Hemingway evolved his style in the herd school of journalistic reporting. In the editorial office of the Kansas City newspaper where he served his apprenticeship, there was a kind of pressman’s catechism, the first dictum of which was: Use short sentences. Use short paragraphs. Hemingway’s purely technical training clearly led to an artistic self-discipline of uncommon strength. Rhetoric, he has said, is merely the blue sparks from the dynamo. His master in older American literature was Mark Twain in Huckleberry Finn, with its rhythmical stream of direct and unconventional narrative prose.

The young journalist from Illinois was flung headlong into the First World War when he volunteered to serve as an ambulance driver in Italy, where he received his baptism of fire at the Piave front and was severely wounded by shell splinters. The nineteen-year-old’s first violent experience of war is an essential factor in Hemingway’s biography. Not that he was daunted by it; on the contrary, he found that it was a priceless asset for a writer to see war at first hand – like Tolstoy at Sevastopol – and to be able to depict it truthfully. Several years were to elapse, however, before he could bring himself to give an artistically complete account of his painfully confused impressions from the Piave front in 1918: the result was the novel A Farewell to Arms in 1929, with which he really made his name, even if two very talented books with a European post-war setting, In Our Time (1942) and The Sun Also Rises (1926), had already given proof of his individuality as a storyteller. In the following years, his instinctive predilection for harrowing scenes of action and grim spectacle drew him to Africa with its big-game hunting and to Spain with its bullfighting. When the latter country was transformed into a theatre of war, he found inspiration there for his second significant novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), in which an American champion of liberty fights for man’s dignity – a book in which the writer’s personal feelings seem more deeply involved than anywhere else.

When mentioning these principal elements in his production, one should not forget that his narrative skill often attains its highest point when cast in a smaller mould, in the laconic, drastically pruned short story, which, with a unique combination of simplicity and precision, nails its theme into our consciousness so that every blow tells. Such a masterpiece, more than any other, is The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the unforgettable story of an old Cuban fisherman’s duel with a huge swordfish in the Atlantic. Within the frame of a sporting tale, a moving perspective of man’s destiny is opened up; the story is a tribute to the fighting spirit, which does not give in even if the material gain is nil, a tribute to the moral victory in the midst of defeat. The drama is enacted before our eyes, hour by hour, allowing the robust details to accumulate and take on momentous significance. But man is not made for defeat, the book says. A man can be destroyed but not defeated.

It may be true that Hemingway’s earlier writings display brutal, cynical, and callous sides which may be considered at variance with the Nobel Prize’s requirement for a work of an ideal tendency. But on the other hand, he also possesses a heroic pathos which forms the basic element in his awareness of life, a manly love of danger and adventure with a natural admiration for every individual who fights the good fight in a world of reality overshadowed by violence and death. In any event, this is the positive side of his cult of manliness, which otherwise is apt to become demonstrative, thereby defeating its own ends. It should be remembered, however, that courage is Hemingway’s central theme – the bearing of one who is put to the test and who steels himself to meet the cold cruelty of existence, without, by so doing, repudiating the great and generous moments.

On the other hand, Hemingway is not one of those authors who write to illustrate theses and principles of one kind or another. A descriptive writer must be objective and not try to play God the Father – this he learned while still in the editorial office in Kansas City. That is why he can conceive of war as a tragic fate having a decisive effect on the whole of his generation; but he views it with a calm realism, void of illusion, which disdains all emotional comment, a disciplined objectivity, stronger because it is hard-won.

Hemingway’s significance as one of this epoch’s great moulders of style is apparent in both American and European narrative art over the past twenty-five years, chiefly in the vivid dialogue and the verbal thrust and parry, in which he has set a standard as easy to imitate as it is difficult to attain. With masterly skill he reproduces all the nuances of the spoken word, as well as those pauses in which thought stands still and the nervous mechanism is thrown out of gear. It may sometimes sound like small talk, but it is not trivial when one gets to know his method. He prefers to leave the work of psychological reflection to his readers, and this freedom is of great benefit to him in spontaneous observation.

When one surveys Hemingway’s production, definite scenes flare up in the memory – Lieutenant Henry’s flight in the rain and mud after the panic at Caporetto, the desperate blowing up of the bridge in the Spanish mountains when Jordan sacrifices his life, or the old fisherman’s solitary fight with the sharks in the nocturnal glow of lights from Havana.

Moreover, one may trace a distinctive linking thread – let us say a symbolic warp reaching back a hundred years in the loom of time – between Hemingway’s latest work, The Old Man and The Sea, and one of the classic creations of American literature, Herman Melville’s novel Moby Dick, the white whale who is pursued in blind rage by his enemy, the monomaniac sea captain. Neither Melville nor Hemingway wanted to create an allegory; the salt ocean depths with all their monsters are sufficiently rewarding as a poetic element. But with different means, those of romanticism and of realism, they both attain the same theme – a man’s capacity of endurance and, if need be, of at least daring the impossible. A man can be destroyed but not defeated.

This year’s Nobel Prize in Literature has therefore been awarded to one of the great authors of our time, one of those who, honestly and undauntedly, reproduces genuine features in the hard countenance of the age. Hemingway, now fifty-six years old, is the fifth American author so far to be honoured in this way. As the Prize winner himself is unfortunately unable to be present for reasons of health, the Prize will now be handed to the United States Ambassador.

Book(s):

The Old Man and the Sea

Photo Gallery:

FAQs

What did Ernest Hemingway win in 1954? ›

The 1954 Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded the American author Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961) "for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style."

What was the first name of Hemingway who won the 1954 Nobel Prize for Literature? ›

28--The Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded today to Ernest Hemingway. The Swedish Academy, which presents this laurel, said of the 55- year-old American author in its citation: "For his powerful, style-forming mastery of the art of modern narration, as most recently evinced in 'The Old Man and the Sea. '"

Who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954? ›

Life. Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois. When he was 17, he began his career as a writer at a newspaper office in Kansas City.

Where is Hemingway's Nobel Prize? ›

Instead, Hemingway placed his award in the custody of Cuba's Catholic Church. For the next thirty years, long after his death in 1961, Hemingway's Nobel Prize was kept at the sanctuary at El Cobre, a tiny town outside Santiago de Cuba on the island's southeast coast.

How much was Ernest Hemingway worth? ›

By ROBERT TOMASSON. rnest Hemingway left a gross estate of $1,410,310, of which his widow, Mary, is expected to receive about $1 million as the sole beneficiary.

Who refused the Nobel Prize in Literature? ›

Jean-Paul Sartre declined the Nobel Prize.

For what work did Ernest Hemingway win a Pulitzer Prize in 1953? ›

Hemingway's first Pulitzer Prize, $500, was awarded because the judges found "The Old Man and the Sea" the most "distinguished fiction published in book form during the year by an American author, preferably dealing with American life." Hemingway's previous novels have had European settings--Spain and Italy, for ...

Why was Hemingway called Papa? ›

With his wife Hadley, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he became fascinated by bullfighting. It is at this time that he began to be referred to as "Papa", even by much older friends.

What is Ernest Hemingway most famous for? ›

He was renowned for novels like The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls and The Old Man and the Sea, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953. In 1954, Hemingway won the Nobel Prize.

What does Hemingway say about the life of writing in his Nobel Prize acceptance speech? ›

Writing, at its best, is a lonely life. Organizations for writers palliate the writer's loneliness but I doubt if they improve his writing. He grows in public stature as he sheds his loneliness and often his work deteriorates.

What did Hemingway do with the Nobel Prize for Literature that he was awarded for The Old Man and the Sea? ›

The Nobel Prize

In giving the award, the Nobel committee cited Hemingway's 'powerful, style-forming mastery of the art of modern narration. ' The Swedish Academy responsible for issuing the award said of Hemingway, that he had done more for American literature than any of his colleagues.

Who is the youngest Nobel Prize winner in Literature? ›

The youngest laureate was Rudyard Kipling, who was 41 years old when he was awarded in 1907.

Who won the Nobel Prize for writing The Good Earth? ›

The first book to benefit from the shift came along four years later. In 1932, Sai Zhenzhu — also known as Pearl S. Buck — won the novel prize for The Good Earth. The story focuses on the shifting fortunes of Wang Lung, a Chinese farmer, his wife, O-Lan, and their love for the land.

Which literary award did The Old Man and the Sea win in 1953? ›

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

Who coined the phrase Lost Generation? ›

Gertrude Stein is credited for the term Lost Generation, though Hemingway made it widely known.

Who owns the Hemingway house in Key West? ›

The museum remains open seven days a week, but owner Mike Morawski said he's “having to reimagine my business plan” while also helping his employees find work elsewhere.

Did Hemingway live in the Keys? ›

One of his favorite places in the world was Key West. Key West was Hemingway's home for eight years between 1931 and 1939. Even though he moved on after, he retained the title of the house until his death.

What years did Hemingway live in Cuba? ›

Hemingway lived in the house from mid-1939 to 1960, first renting it, and then buying it in December 1940 after he married Martha Gellhorn, his third wife. Gellhorn, who had come to Cuba to be with Hemingway, decided that she did not want to live in the small room he rented at the Hotel Ambos Mundos.

Who has won 3 Nobel prizes? ›

Switzerland-based International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is the only 3-time recipient of the Nobel Prize, being conferred with Peace Prize in 1917, 1944, and 1963.

How much money do you get for a Nobel Prize? ›

US$1,145,000

Who is the only person who declined the Nobel Peace Prize? ›

Le Duc Tho declined the Nobel Peace Prize.

Which of the following works won Hemingway the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and then the Nobel Prize in the next year? ›

One year before Ernest Hemingway won a Nobel Prize, he was awarded a Pulitzer. The prizes were announced on May 4, 1953, and the news media soon reported that Hemingway's book, “The Old Man and the Sea,” earned the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. (Trivia question: How many times are newspapers mentioned in the book?

What was Hemingway's writing style? ›

Among many great American writers, Hemingway is famous for his objective and terse prose style. As all the novels Hemingway published in his life, The Old Man and the Sea typically reflects his unique writing style. The language is simple and natural on the surface, but actually deliberate and artificial.

Why was For Whom the Bell Tolls challenged? ›

During the 1980's the ALA listed the novel as persistently challenged for three primary reasons: sex and debauchery; violent deaths and senseless brutality; and belief in a universe indifferent to people's suffering.

What were Ernest Hemingway last words? ›

The Last Words Of 25 Famous Dead Writers: 1. Ernest Hemingway: “Goodnight my kitten. “ Spoken to his wife before he killed himself.

How many cats did Hemingway? ›

Hemingway was proud of his cat collection, often saying that he liked nothing better than the feeling of having cats underfoot. Calling them his “purr factories” and claiming that “one cat just leads to another”, the author once owned over 50 cats while living at his famous house, the Finca Vigia in Cuba.

Did Hemingway fight in the Spanish Civil War? ›

Although Hemingway was initially opposed to American involvement in the war, his work as a correspondent in Spain caused him to abandon his former isolationist stance and become an active proponent for military intervention in Spain.

What is considered the best Hemingway novel? ›

Hemingway's greatest novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls, is another war-story about an American, Robert Jordan, and is again based on Hemingway's real-life experiences during the Spanish Civil War, where he was a journalist and war reporter.

What is Hemingway's best book? ›

Ernest Hemingway

What personality type was Hemingway? ›

The Ernest Hemingway – ESTP

A few well-known celebrities with ESTP personality types include Ernest Hemingway, Madonna, and Jack Nicholson, all outside of the box thinkers.

What is the genuine civilization King has the audacity to believe in? ›

I have the audacity to believe that peoples everywhere can have three meals a day for their bodies, education and culture for their minds, and dignity, equality and freedom for their spirits.

Who will not go to Stockholm for Nobel Prize? ›

Bob Dylan, seen performing in 2012, told the Swedish Academy that he had "pre-existing commitments." Bob Dylan says he will not travel to Stockholm to pick up the 2016 Nobel Prize for literature.

Who is the writer of the Nobel Prize acceptance speech? ›

William Faulkner – Banquet speech - NobelPrize.org.

What is the moral of the story The Old Man and the Sea? ›

A man is not made for defeat.”

A man continues to do whatever he must do to the best of his ability, no matter what tribulations befall him. While challenges and setbacks can strip a man of all outward signs of success, still his spirit can remain undefeated.

What is the main message of The Old Man and the Sea? ›

Hemingway is making the point that being determined and never giving up indicates what kind of human being one is. This is a universal theme. Reflecting on the old man's experience is an inspiration for living one's own life and dealing with its problems. In this novella the sea as a symbol for the whole of nature.

What does the sea symbolize in The Old Man and the Sea? ›

The Sea The sea represents life and the struggles that every person must endure. According to Hemingway, man was most able to prove himself worthy in isolation. The sea, in the novel, represents the life and Santiago's isolation in the universe.

Who has refused a Nobel Prize? ›

The 59-year-old author Jean-Paul Sartre declined the Nobel Prize in Literature, which he was awarded in October 1964. He said he always refused official distinctions and did not want to be “institutionalised”.

Who has won 2 Nobel Prizes? ›

Chemist and peace activist

One person, Linus Pauling, has won two undivided Nobel Prizes. In 1954 he won the Prize for Chemistry.

How much money is the Nobel Prize for Literature? ›

In 2016, the Nobel foundation concluded that, along with the gold medal and diploma awarded, a Nobel Prize dollar amount of approximately $1 million dollars should be given to the recipient of the award going forward.

How accurate is The Good Earth? ›

The Good Earth gives an accurate and well-informed depiction of traditional Chinese culture in the early twentieth century. The daughter of Absalom and Caroline Sydenstricker, Pearl Buck was born on June 26, 1892, in Hillsboro, West Virginia, while her parents were on leave from their missionary duties in China.

Why is The Good Earth famous? ›

It is the first book in her House of Earth trilogy, continued in Sons (1932) and A House Divided (1935). It was the best-selling novel in the United States in both 1931 and 1932, won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1932, and was influential in Buck's winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938.

Is The Good Earth a true story? ›

While Ainsley is a fictional character, Wong was a real person—in fact, she was Hollywood's first Chinese-American movie star, and the controversy surrounding The Good Earth lives in the annals of Hollywood history.

Is The Old Man and the Sea worth reading? ›

The Old Man and the Sea is a classic, well-written novel, and I thoroughly enjoyed reading it! Most younger children will find this book hard to understand and maybe even a bit slow, but it teaches many valuable lessons on perseverence and never giving up on your dreams.

What is the conclusion of The Old Man and the Sea? ›

The conclusion of The Old Man and the Sea is the return of Santiago to shore, with only the carcass of the marlin he caught in tow.

Is The Old Man and the Sea a true story? ›

Hemingway said the old man was based on nobody in particular, but it is likely he modelled the main character of the novel, Santiago, after a great friend of his, Gregorio Fuentes. Fuentes and Hemingway were fishing buddies in Cuba where Hemingway spent most of his adult life.

What awards did Hemingway win? ›

Ernest Hemingway

For what work did Ernest Hemingway win a Pulitzer Prize in 1953? ›

Hemingway's first Pulitzer Prize, $500, was awarded because the judges found "The Old Man and the Sea" the most "distinguished fiction published in book form during the year by an American author, preferably dealing with American life." Hemingway's previous novels have had European settings--Spain and Italy, for ...

Did The Old Man and the Sea win a Nobel Prize? ›

The Nobel Prize

The Old Man and the Sea was selected as 1954's 'most outstanding work in an ideal direction' in the literature category. In giving the award, the Nobel committee cited Hemingway's 'powerful, style-forming mastery of the art of modern narration.

Which literary award did The Old Man and the Sea win in 1953? ›

Pulitzer Prize for Fiction

Videos

1. Nobel Prize Inspiration Initiative Spain 2017 short Highlights
(NobelPrizeII)
2. Sách của các tác giả đoạt giải Nobel có đáng đọc? || Book review
(Hà Linh đọc sách)
3. Nobel Prize for literature winners list part 2
(Literary Scholar)
4. Questions on Nobel Prize Winners in English Literature | Nobel Prize in Literature | DSSSB UPTGT PGT
(EngLIT Zone)
5. United States | Wikipedia audio article
(wikipedia tts)
6. Hispanic Youth Exploring Engineering and Sciences camp
(unionbulletin)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: Reed Wilderman

Last Updated: 11/10/2022

Views: 6008

Rating: 4.1 / 5 (52 voted)

Reviews: 91% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Reed Wilderman

Birthday: 1992-06-14

Address: 998 Estell Village, Lake Oscarberg, SD 48713-6877

Phone: +21813267449721

Job: Technology Engineer

Hobby: Swimming, Do it yourself, Beekeeping, Lapidary, Cosplaying, Hiking, Graffiti

Introduction: My name is Reed Wilderman, I am a faithful, bright, lucky, adventurous, lively, rich, vast person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.